Montmartre is one of the districts of Paris located near the Seine, precisely positioned on a hill of about 130 meters high. This charming neighborhood has been the scene of many important events in the history of Paris, such as battles, the birth of the artistic style known as impressionism and the rise of the French bohemian movement in the 19th century. It is worth mentioning that it was once one of the most rural areas of the City of Light, at least a century ago, to become today one of the most touristy neighborhoods.
It is important to mention that this neighborhood was the birthplace of the impressionists, of the Parisian bohemia that we will talk about later, as well as of the most important battle theaters during the Franco-Prussian war and the Commune.
The hill was originally a religious center, with several convents established in the area. The convents were destroyed during the French Revolution, which was determined to break away from anything related to the Old Regime, such as religion. As the city expanded, the hill gradually became part of the metropolis.
It became the heart of Parisian bohemian life in the second half of the 19th century. Great French artists took up residence in the neighborhood, which was filled with cafés, cabarets and restaurants.
The Moulin Rouge Cabaret, which dates back to 1889, is one of the most famous in the world and has become one of the most important landmarks in Paris. You’ve probably seen the movie with Nicole Kidman and Ewan McGregor, based on this cabaret, right? You’ll be happy to know that it is located in Montmartre and perfectly illustrates the liberal and relaxed spirit of the neighborhood.